Yes, there’s already a new HIIT training technique.
I know the entire concept of high-intensity interval training is fairly new in and of itself. Still, things change quickly — hopefully not as frequently as new iPod models, or you may be changing techniques three times before you’re even warmed up!
There are already several variations of HIIT, but the changing variables tend to be either the duration of the intervals or the different equipment/methods (exercise bike, sprinting, elliptical machine, etc.).
You can read all about the “old school” HIIT training here because let’s face it: any technique is better than none. In fact, the old way is still amazingly effective, and you may actually prefer it, but I’ve absolutely fallen in love with the “new school.”
HIIT Training 2.0
This new technique is most effective and easiest to perform on an exercise bike, which just happens to be my weapon of choice for my HIIT workouts. You can adapt this method to sprinting or ellipticals as well, but I’ve always liked the exercise bike, because I can use it anytime right here at home (none of those “I don’t have time to drive to the gym excuses”!).
Ok, so keeping with the exercise bike example, I, along with most other HIIT’ers, would (back in the old days of about two weeks ago) pedal along at a high-intensity pace (100-150RPM) for a certain amount of time (30-60seconds), followed by a low-intensity pace (50-75RPM) for a bit, then rinse and repeat.
As I said, this works wonders for anyone who can keep up the intensity for a relatively short time. Most HIIT sessions take only about 10-20 minutes; if you’re lasting longer than that, then you probably overlooked the “high intensity” portion of H.I.I.T.
The only problem I was having, as my endurance increased and my intensity got higher and higher to keep up, during my high intensity intervals, I was topping out over 160-170RPM (rotations per minute).
Not only did this make me look like a bouncing, schizophrenic lunatic, it put unnecessary stress on my knees and hips.
But, how can I keep up the intensity without continuing to increase my RPM?
Viva La Resistance
Resistance. So simple, yet I never thought of it, until I was browsing and read an article by Craig Ballantyne.
Craig knows his stuff, so the idea really intrigued me. He writes for several health and fitness magazines, including Men’s Health and Men’s Fitness, and he creates some excellent workouts for everyone from beginners to elite athletes (heard of the Bodyweight 500? you can thank Craig for that one as you struggle to pick yourself up off the floor).
So, by keeping the RPM constant and adjusting the resistance up and down for each interval, you get the same benefits of high intensity vs. low intensity, but without the potential joint stress.
If you’re already doing HIIT on a regular basis, try it out as a change-up to your regular routine. For the first-timers, read the original HIIT article for more background on the training method, then try out both techniques.
HIIT By The Numbers
We’re all at different fitness levels, but I’ll give you my numbers as something to compare to if you need to figure out how your current RPM technique will convert to the resistance technique:
“Old School” (adjusting RPM)
- Low intensity intervals: 70RPM on resistance level 5 for 30 seconds
- High intensity intervals: 150RPM on resistance level 5 for 30 seconds
Here’s what I do now to achieve the same level of intensity and workload while keeping the RPM constant:
“New School” (adjusting resistance level)
- Low intensity intervals: 100RPM on resistance level 3 (out of 10) for 60 seconds
- High intensity intervals: 100RPM on resistance level 8 (out of 10) for 60 seconds
Again, you can play around with the numbers since everyone’s body and equipment is going to be different, as long as you stick with the basic idea of adjusting resistance levels while keeping RPM fairly constant.
Adapting To Other Methods
If you usually do cardio on another type of machine, like an elliptical for example, then adapting this technique to your workout should be fairly easy, as most exercise equipment has an option to digitally or manually increase resistance.
For example, on a treadmill, rather than increasing the speed, you could increase the incline during your high intensity intervals, then bring the incline back down during the low intensity intervals.
If you’re not part of the pasty, digital-world bunch, and you prefer actually to run out in the real world, things get a little bit trickier.
When you’re using running as your HIIT method, your high intensity intervals are going to be significantly shorter, because not many people can maintain a true sprinting pace for 30-60 seconds.
You can always experiment with these attractive running parachutes to increase resistance, but you may find them to be a bit impractical with the shorter intervals, in which case you can just keep it “old school.”
No matter what method, technique, or variation you choose, you simply can’t go wrong with any type of HIIT training.
Getting the Whole Family Involved
If you have a family, you may find it difficult to initiate new eating and exercise habits for yourself without changing their habits at the same time.
The least successful diets usually require people to eat in isolation from their families, cooking one meal for themselves and another for the other members.
Because low-fat foods control weight and contribute to good health, changing dietary habits is important for the entire family. Aim to change your family’s preferences for high-sugar and high-fat foods and enlist their support for reaching your long-term goals.
But be prepared: You may encounter resistance when trying to work your new lifestyle into your family’s routines. Here are some easy solutions to common excuses:
Excuse: Nutritional needs for children. Your own diet may create unforeseen nutritional problems for your children.
Solution: Because children are still growing, they should not have their calorie intakes restricted, but it is important to introduce them to healthy eating habits while improving your own. By adapting your meals, they get the necessary calcium and other nutrients for growth. Keep a supply of whole milk for the children and low-fat or skim milk for yourself. Add cheese for them to low-fat salads that you prepare for yourself. If you are serving baked potatoes, make fillings more calorie-rich for the children with creamy sauces while you fill your own with water-packed tuna or yogurt.
Excuse: Finicky eating. Your children and perhaps your partner resist or oppose changes to their favorite meals.
Solution: Adjusting your family’s favorite recipes by reducing fat whenever possible is a way of subtly changing habits. Make hamburgers healthier by using extra-lean meat and serving them on whole-wheat buns. Gradually cut down the sugar in desserts you prepare and in other items you buy.
Excuse: Lazy family habits. The family may prefer watching television to sports and other physical activities.
Solution: Gradually wean everyone away from the television. Begin by playing board games, then move on to more active pursuits that are also fun, such as swimming or in-line skating.
Excuse: Your partner doesn’t support your plan. If your partner is overweight, he or she may have a vested interest in keeping you plump. A partner may even sabotage your best efforts by bringing home treats or take-out food to relieve you of the burden of cooking.
Solution: Discuss your goals with your partner. Ensure he or she understands the importance of what you are trying to do and some of the principles of healthy eating and exercise you are attempting to introduce. Get your partner involved with meal preparation and exercise ideas. Perhaps he or she has a favorite sport you could share.
If your partner brings home treats, try to maintain your self-control. Explain that these make your task harder and, though the occasional treat is fine, if this happens on a regular basis, it will undermine your careful eating.
Healthy Eating For Kids
Essential For Your Children’s Wellbeing
Teach your kids to eat healthfully, and they will learn healthy eating habits that will reward them with a lifetime of good health. All kids can be taught to be healthy eaters. The best time to start is when they are infants. But even older children, with the proper encouragement and motivation, can learn to eat healthfully and enjoy healthy food.
- General Guidelines To Help Get Your Kids Eating Healthfully
- Get the whole family involved.
- Choose only fresh whole foods: fresh fruits and vegetables, a little whole grains, and healthy proteins.
- Sit down with your child and list some healthy foods your child likes and can substitute for the foods you want to eliminate from his or her diet. Encourage your child to suggest healthy foods.
- Make sure your child agrees to the healthy foods so that he or she will eat them instead of the unhealthy foods. Try to get some healthy foods everyone agrees upon, though they don’t all have to be the same.
- Make this a healthy eating adventure, exploring new and healthier foods instead of a dull, boring diet.
- Use the “80-20 Rule.” If you eat healthy food 80% of the time, you can have an occasional “forbidden” treat. However, after eating healthfully for 6 months to a year, depending on how quickly you transition to healthy eating, you’ll probably forget about the “80-20 Rule” because you won’t crave unhealthy foods anymore. If you do, your body isn’t getting all the nutrients it needs.
- Teach them how to read food labels.
- Allow them to ask questions about healthy eating and food choices. Use The Reverse Diet book as a Role Model as an educational tool.
Here are some guidelines for the different age groups to help you get your kids to eat healthfully.
When your baby is ready to start eating solid foods, feed them only fresh whole foods: fresh fruits and vegetables, a little whole grains, and healthy protein, organic if possible. Use a baby food grinder to grind up the same fresh foods you eat. If your child eats only healthy foods, they will have their favorites that they will ask for and eat eagerly without coaxing or bribing.
Do not feed them candy, cookies, ice cream, chips, or sugary, refined, and processed foods. Keep the food additives out of their foods. Let your relatives, friends, and childcare providers know they are only to eat the healthy foods you allow and not give them any “forbidden” treats.
Toddlers and Pre-Schoolers
If your child has already tasted sugary, processed, and refined foods, make a game of using the “The Reverse Diet” book with him/her. Help your child choose healthy foods to substitute for unhealthy foods. Cut the fruits and vegetables into different shapes and make pictures with them. There are tons of wonderful ways to make fruits and vegetables appealing- have them help, too.
Use praise generously when they are eating healthy food choices. You may want even to have a reward system for eating healthy foods. Have a special non-food reward for them every time they eat healthy foods. If they stick with it for a whole day, a few days, or a week, have a special non-food treat as a reward, such as a sticker program. Make a weekly chart for their eating times and add different colored stickers for each level of healthiness. Bigger rewards for longer periods of time, like a trip to a favorite place, going to a movie, or something they value but don’t get a chance to do often. Be creative.
When children get into school, they will be around kids eating unhealthy food and want to eat what the other kids eat. Start talking with them about health and healthy food and what unhealthy food does to your body on a simple level. Even young elementary-age kids can understand this when put in language appropriate to their age.
If they have a hard time thinking of healthy choices, start listing some of their favorite healthy foods they can choose from. Have them write down their choices and let them take ownership of them. Have them write in a personal food journal, too.
When your child goes to school, always pack a healthy lunch unless you have an outstandingly healthy school lunch program. Let them help choose the healthy foods you put in their lunch. If they have a hard time coming up with healthy choices, give them several choices to choose from. And give them a special healthy treat they like as a reward for eating the lunch you pack for them. Also, you may want to send a favorite healthy treat to school with them on special occasions when you know the kids will have refined, sugary treats. As kids age, using my “80-20 Rule” as motivation for eating healthfully is helpful.
Teenagers have a lot of peer pressure and need to do what the other kids do to fit in. With this age group, it is very important to teach them about nutrition and why it’s important to eat healthfully.
Do not be afraid to teach your child what you have learned. Let them read â€œThe Reverse Dietâ€ and be prepared to answer questions or have them send a request to me. I would be more than happy to help in any way.
Make sure the whole family is working on eating healthfully at home and discuss how they can eat more healthfully when they are out with their friends. Talk with them about the consequences of not eating healthfully. Use non-food rewards as appropriate for making healthy food choices. They could be as simple as a dollar store inspirational statue. It just needs to be something for recognition of their conscious efforts for better health.
Healthy eating should be a family affair. Kids eat what they are taught to eat. Teach them to eat healthy food and show them by example. Talk about healthy eating and healthy food at home, the importance of eating healthfully, and the consequences of eating unhealthy food – diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and disease in general.
Parents play a big role in shaping children’s eating habits. When parents eat a variety of foods that are low in fat and sugar and high in fiber, children also learn to like these foods. It may take 10 or more tries before a child accepts a new food, so do not give up if your child does not like a new food right away.
Parents have an effect on children’s physical activity habits as well. You can set a good example by going for a walk or bike ride after dinner instead of watching TV. Playing ball or jumping rope with your children shows them that being active is fun.
With many parents working outside the home, childcare providers help shape children’s eating and activity habits. Ensure your childcare provider offers well-balanced meals, snacks, and plenty of active playtime.
If your child is in school, find out more about the school’s breakfast and lunch programs and ask to have input into menu choices, or help your child pack a lunch that includes a variety of foods. Get involved in the parent-teacher association” PTA” to support physical education and after-school sports. I am an advocate and committee member of a wonderful program, in conjunction with the American Heart Association called The Alliance for a Healthier Generation. The ever-popular program from the Clinton Foundation.
Your child’s friends and the media can also affect his or her eating and activity choices. Children may go to fast food places or play video games with their friends instead of playing tag, basketball, or other active games. TV commercials persuade kids to choose high-fat snacks, high-sugar drinks, and cereals. When parents help their children be aware of peer and media pressures, youngsters are more likely to make healthy choices outside the home.
Author of “The Reverse Diet”
“No Excuses, Only Solutions”
Speak directly with Tricia on the FitBuff.com Forums!
Benefits of Exercise with Muscular Dystrophy
Learning to live with the diagnosis of Muscular Dystrophy is a trying road.
According to Medical News Today, a horrible reality that affects hundreds of thousands of men and women is, “Muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of genetic diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal or voluntary muscles which control movement. The muscles of the heart and some other involuntary muscles are also affected in some forms of muscular dystrophy, and a few forms involve other organs as well.” Incredibly frightening, if you have been diagnosed with Muscular Dystrophy, it is sometimes hard to know which way to turn to take control of your life.
One place a person fighting this disease can turn to regain a connection with normalcy is to bring a regular exercise routine into their life. Why does exercise do a person with Muscular Dystrophy good? Here’s a look at five ways exercise helps considerably.
Exercise with Muscular Dystrophy
Exercise slows muscle deterioration. A regular strength routine using Nautilus and free weights and cardio activities is highly beneficial. According to the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability, minimal movement with light weights or rubber resistance bands can considerably help a person’s arms, legs, and core. This assistance with strength helps with maintaining a healthy posture, remaining independent, and maintaining a range of motion as well as keeping the joints flexible.
Exercise assists respiration. One of the greatest benefits of cardio exercise for people with Muscular Dystrophy is that it assists the diaphragm and other muscles associated with breathing to remain strong and agile. A common issue for those suffering from Muscular Dystrophy is a decrease in the functioning abilities of the diaphragm. Experts recommend low-impact exercises like walking, yoga, biking, or swimming.
Exercise increases overall energy levels. As with all people, exercising helps the body remain healthy and have more energy overall. In regards to those people with Muscular Dystrophy, the March 2005 issue of Neurology published a study that showed that people with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (a condition that affects the arm and face muscles) had less fatigue after having a regular workout plan for three months. Participants worked out on a bike for a little over a half hour five times a week.
Exercise helps boosts happiness. One issue for many people diagnosed with a disease is that they feel that their life has been limited to the illness, which results in depression. A highly beneficial way to counteract depression is to exercise. As little as ten minutes can turn a frown upside down.
Chest Exercises for Men – A Top 10 List
Recently I went out with a couple of friends for a couple of drinks to usher in the New Year and came across a few colleagues that knew me during the day when I wasn’t as conscious of maintaining a fitness level as I am today.
So, the first words were: My God! We couldn’t recognize you. Wow, you’ve lost weight.
(Quite frankly, three of the worst words put together from an English dictionary.)
And then the next few words hit me hard: We liked you better when you were plump and funny.
This is what I get for putting in so much effort. How about that? Yes, I suppose they would love more if they saw my now non-existent man-boobs.
(Trust me – whoever coined the phrase “less is more” damn sure knew what they were talking about!)
If you’re dealing with the same issues, it’s time to start putting some effort into some chest exercises… because it sure will take you a while to get that huge chest that Arnie exemplified during the golden age of bodybuilding.
With that said, this aspect of “less is more” doesn’t apply to women, of course…
An Introduction to Pectoral Muscles
Known as the pectoralis major and pectoralis minor, they consist of all the chest muscles in the human body.
So, why is it important to know more about the human body (and these strange-sounding words) before moving on to chest exercises for men?
For the simple reason: if you look at the diagram of the pectoral muscles at this link, you’ll find that they spread out like a fan when fully developed.
It’s not something that happens by itself, as you might know, but it comes from working on chest exercises for men that can help you get the pecs you want.
Let me reiterate: this takes a lot of work… real hard work to make them look like Arnie’s “fans” in his heyday!
Chest Exercises for Men – A Top 10 List
Now that you are aware of the fact that it is going to take hard work to get pecs that are the envy of every able-bodied male but also the delight of every woman in the vicinity let’s look at some chest exercises for men that can help you do just that.
So, without further ado, here are the top ten chest exercises that have been agreed on by experts and which you can use in your workouts:
#10: Decline Bench Press
#9: Dumbbell Pullover
#8: Incline Dumbbell Flyes
#7: Upper Pec Cable Crossovers
#6: Dumbbell Flyes
#5: Cable Crossovers
#4: Dumbbell Bench
#3: Chest Press Machine
#2: Barbell Bench Press
#1: Incline Barbell Bench Press
You can read more about this compilation of the 10 best exercises at this link. Before you select a few of these exercises for your workout, it’s a good idea to read the tips at this link, as it takes an alternative approach to building pecs.
Because you’re going to need them…
So, what chest exercises have you chosen for your workout for building bigger pecs?
Are you finding it hard to develop your pectoral muscles? If so, feel free to share your thoughts about this.
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